Just as its name goes, you can tell that 3-way speakers are designed to generate sounds from three separate devices, and these three devices are the tweeter drivers, woofer, and the midrange.
Speakers are designed to generate accurate and clearer sounds, and this is because these drivers are programmed to work under specific frequency ranges.
The accurate and clear sounds 3-way speakers produce are far better than what a single purpose driver will for all frequencies. You might wonder why a 3-way speaker needs three different speakers to project sound, and that is what we will discuss next in this interesting post.
A 3-way speaker uses three different speakers in putting out sound depending on how the sound behaves, and it is a known fact that sound is created in waves as air travels over the speaker.
However, you will need different sizes of speakers to hear all the wave frequencies that a speaker produces. This is because a large air movement is required when dealing with lower frequencies.
It explains why the subwoofer is greater and larger than tweeter and midrange speakers. On the other hand, higher frequencies require fast movement on the other end of the spectrum, and large-sized speakers find this very hard to produce.
Tweeters are better equipped to handle various frequencies since they are smaller, leading us to talk about frequency crossover.
It refers to the overlap of frequencies covered by a tweeter, midrange, and woofer, and the frequency crossover also refers to the important part of a top-quality sound system.
Frequency crossovers need fine-tuning for them to be well balanced so they can be able to obtain the amount of output required. However, the sound balance will end up sounding off if the output is too little or too much.
Manufacturers tend to set frequencies that cannot be changed since they need to be properly fine-tuned, and this explains why you need coaxial speakers as they have proved to be the best solution if you are looking to improve your car audio quality.
On the other hand, upgrading your car audio system requires you to make several decisions based on the type of speaker you want.
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It would interest you to know that all speakers are not the same, and weighing the pros and cons of every speaker shows you different aspects of a speaker that will help you make the right choice.
One of the aspects you need to consider is if you would like to go with a 3-way or a 2-way speaker. 3-way speakers tend to make sense when you use high-quality components, and you will have no benefits by settling for a cheap option.
Let us talk to you about the roles woofers, mid-range, and tweeter play when producing sounds from a 3-way speaker.
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The woofer is considered a speaker’s largest driver, and it measures from 5 to 12 inches. The woofer is known for generating low-pitched sounds in the bass range, and we are talking about thunders, explosions, and drums.
The woofer is designed to have a wire coil, permanent magnet, and a paper or plastic cone, while the audio signal it creates is known for forming a magnetic field that will pull or push against the magnetic field.
This causes vibration in the cone and production of sounds, and you can count on the woofer to produce the strongest sound vibrations out of all the three drivers found in a 3-way speaker. Unfortunately, it is also the highest energy consumption among the three other drivers.
The tweeter is considered the smallest of all the three drivers in a 3-way speaker, and it is designed to function only in an audio spectrum’s treble end. However, it doesn’t measure more than a few inches, and it is known for producing high-pitched sounds.
These are the sounds you will get from cymbals and flutes, and music produced will lack clarity and brightness if there is no tweeter. Unfortunately, this means you will be left with stifled and dull sounds.
A mid-range might be similar to a woofer, but it tends to be smaller than a woofer. Based on the mid-range size, it is known to produce notes between the highs of a tweeter and the low notes produced by a woofer.
However, instrumental music, vocals, and speech are known to fall inside this range, and producing a good sound of its own is what a mid-range is designed to do.
However, the sounds produced by a mid-range are known to lack treble brightness and bass, and some speakers are designed to have more than one mid-range.
This makes it possible for the speaker to handle a higher amount of power, producing fuller and louder sounds.
There are several components or parts of a speaker, and we are talking about components like crossover, drivers, and cabinets, which are known to influence sounds in various ways.
One surprising aspect of speakers is that they might have very good specifications written down on their description, but it might not sound pleasant or good to the ears.
Good and bad sounds tend to be very subjective, which is why shoppers are advised to always listen to the sounds a speaker produces before making a payment for it.
Also, it would help if you found a very good listening environment where you can enjoy listening to the speaker before making the final payment for it.
3-way speakers remain the best option if you want high-quality and high-value music, while 2-way speakers are for those on a budget.
My name is Johnson Lewis and I am a music coach, producer and Blogger. I enjoy writing about music, instruments, music equipments and I love helping people become better singers.